If you don't quite get the value of Docker, or as a system admin you are can't let go of your SSH console, start with LXC. After that you might (as I have) turn to like what Docker has to offer for certain use cases where ephemeral applications make sense.
Implement Docker inside of LXC and you can increase both application and operating system density.
There are two ways to install Docker on Ubuntu,
|Install Method||How To||Pros||Cons|
|Ubuntu Managed||See Below|
|Directly from Docker||Docker website|
You get the latest and greatest.
Learn more background information on how Docker is setup.
|More steps and there are multiple ways to configure.|
As of 2016, recommendation is to use Ubuntu Managed. The Ubuntu package team does a great job of keeping the Docker version up to date and follow best practices outlined in the Docker setup (ie using a distinct group).
Running a Ubuntu Managed install resulted in Docker 1.11.2 build b9f10c9 which from the Docker release notes was submitted on Jun 1 2016. In comparison, directly results in 1.12.0 build 8eab29e. At the time the most up to date is Docker 1.12.1 build 0dc92ee.
Docker and completely compatible. Set up and run as normal.
For latest and greatest use the instructions on the Docker website. For easy of maintenance use Ubuntu native,
sudo apt-get install docker.io # not docker by itself which is a Gnome utility
Check your version and verify Docker worked,
docker version sudo docker run hello-world
Looking top down, the real power of Docker can only be realized with orchestration technologies. Here are the leading ones, I am just starting to look at,
Docker Swarm - Built in method to orchestate Docker.
Kubernetes - Used by Google and they have a free trial to check out.
Apache Mesos - Twitter, Airbnb, Hubspot and Apple run it.
Docker in LXD - https://insights.ubuntu.com/2016/04/13/stephane-graber-lxd-2-0-docker-in-lxd-712/?_ga=1.131249999.1359600858.1459136071